Advisory Published


First published: Tue Nov 14 2023(Updated: )

# Summary The HTTP parser in AIOHTTP has numerous problems with header parsing, which could lead to request smuggling. This parser is only used when `AIOHTTP_NO_EXTENSIONS` is enabled (or not using a prebuilt wheel). # Details ## Bug 1: Bad parsing of `Content-Length` values ### Description RFC 9110 says this: > `Content-Length = 1*DIGIT` AIOHTTP does not enforce this rule, presumably because of an incorrect usage of the builtin `int` constructor. Because the `int` constructor accepts `+` and `-` prefixes, and digit-separating underscores, using `int` to parse CL values leads AIOHTTP to significant misinterpretation. ### Examples ``` GET / HTTP/1.1\r\n Content-Length: -0\r\n \r\n X ``` ``` GET / HTTP/1.1\r\n Content-Length: +0_1\r\n \r\n X ``` ### Suggested action Verify that a `Content-Length` value consists only of ASCII digits before parsing, as the standard requires. ## Bug 2: Improper handling of NUL, CR, and LF in header values ### Description RFC 9110 says this: > Field values containing CR, LF, or NUL characters are invalid and dangerous, due to the varying ways that implementations might parse and interpret those characters; a recipient of CR, LF, or NUL within a field value MUST either reject the message or replace each of those characters with SP before further processing or forwarding of that message. AIOHTTP's HTTP parser does not enforce this rule, and will happily process header values containing these three forbidden characters without replacing them with SP. ### Examples ``` GET / HTTP/1.1\r\n Header: v\x00alue\r\n \r\n ``` ``` GET / HTTP/1.1\r\n Header: v\ralue\r\n \r\n ``` ``` GET / HTTP/1.1\r\n Header: v\nalue\r\n \r\n ``` ### Suggested action Reject all messages with NUL, CR, or LF in a header value. The translation to space thing, while technically allowed, does not seem like a good idea to me. ## Bug 3: Improper stripping of whitespace before colon in HTTP headers ### Description RFC 9112 says this: > No whitespace is allowed between the field name and colon. In the past, differences in the handling of such whitespace have led to security vulnerabilities in request routing and response handling. A server MUST reject, with a response status code of 400 (Bad Request), any received request message that contains whitespace between a header field name and colon. AIOHTTP does not enforce this rule, and will simply strip any whitespace before the colon in an HTTP header. ### Example ``` GET / HTTP/1.1\r\n Content-Length : 1\r\n \r\n X ``` ### Suggested action Reject all messages with whitespace before a colon in a header field, as the standard requires. # PoC Example requests are embedded in the previous section. To reproduce these bugs, start an AIOHTTP server without llhttp (i.e. `AIOHTTP_NO_EXTENSIONS=1`) and send the requests given in the previous section. (e.g. by `printf`ing into `nc`) # Impact Each of these bugs can be used for request smuggling.

Affected SoftwareAffected VersionHow to fix

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Frequently Asked Questions

  • What is the vulnerability ID?

    The vulnerability ID is GHSA-gfw2-4jvh-wgfg.

  • What is the severity of GHSA-gfw2-4jvh-wgfg?

    The severity of GHSA-gfw2-4jvh-wgfg is medium with a CVSS score of 5.3.

  • What is the affected software?

    The affected software is aiohttp version up to exclusive 3.8.6.

  • What is the CVE ID associated with GHSA-gfw2-4jvh-wgfg?

    The CVE ID associated with GHSA-gfw2-4jvh-wgfg is CVE-2023-47627.

  • How do I fix the vulnerability GHSA-gfw2-4jvh-wgfg?

    To fix the vulnerability GHSA-gfw2-4jvh-wgfg, update aiohttp to version 3.8.6 or higher.


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